Individual problem solving styles and attitudes towards divergent thinking before and after training

Basadur, M.S., Wakabayashi, M. and Graen, G.B. (1990). Individual problem solving styles and attitudes towards divergent thinking before and after training. Creativity Research Journal, Vol. 3 (1), pp 22-32.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to examine the mediating effect of individual creative problem-solving style on the impact of training in creative thinking. This intensive hands-on training emphasized a specific three-phase process which synchronizes divergence and convergence in problem-finding, problem-solving, and implementation. Two attitudes associated with divergent thinking were measured before and after training. The sample was comprised of a mixture of organizational members representing both managers (n = 90) and non-managers (n = 66) and a variety of functional specialities, hierarchical levels, and types of business organizations. The most significant finding was that the optimizer style of creative problem-solving improved more that the other three styles (generator, conceptualizer, and implementer) on measures of both creative thinking attitudes.

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